#37 - Prepositions - With, Over, By - English Grammar

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Prepositions - With, Over, By

Prepositions are words that link a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to some other part of the sentence. Prepositions can be tricky for English learners. There is no definite rule or formula for choosing a preposition.

Preposition - With

Example SentencesHow to use the preposition
  • I ordered a sandwich with a drink.
  • I am working with a lawyer.
Used to indicate being together or being involved
  • Are you the one with the sports car?
  • I met a guy with green eyes.
Used to indicate "having"
  • He cut my hair with his scissors.
  • She took pictures with a digital camera.
Used to indicate "using"
  • I am emailing you with my sincere apology.
  • He came to the front stage with confidence.
Used to indicate feeling
  • Do you agree with me?
  • Are you with me on this?
Used to indicate agreement or understanding

Preposition - Over

Example SentencesHow to use the preposition
  • They sent over the wrong item.
  • Please come over to my house.
Used to indicate movement from one place to another
  • He was pushed over the edge.
  • The car fell over the cliff.
Used to indicate movement downward
  • The phone rang for over a minute.
  • The actual charge was over the estimated cost.
Used to indicate more than an expected number or amount
  • I've lived here over ten years
  • It takes over an hour to drive there.
Used to indicate a period of time

Preposition - By

Example SentencesHow to use the preposition
  • He was standing by me.
  • The post office is by the bank.
Used to indicate proximity or location
  • The refrigerator was fixed by a repairman.
  • Donuts were brought in by our boss.
Used to indicate the person that does something
  • She passed the test by studying all night.
  • I explained my reasons by writing her a letter.
Used to indicate an action with a particular purpose
  • Please respond by email.
  • They came by boat.
Used to indicate a mean or method

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