#136 - Colon - English Grammar

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A colon is used to introduce a list of items or a set of examples. It is also used to add further support to an initial thought or sentence. Do not use a colon after an incomplete sentence. Colons are only used after complete sentence or thought.

Colon - List of Items

The most common use of colons is introducing a list of items. Do not capitalize the first item after a colon unless it's a proper noun.
  • Don't forget to bring these items for our camping trip: a tent, sleeping bag, and warm clothes.
  • I need to go grocery shopping for these items: milk, sugar, eggs, and butter.
  • I love all kinds of music: jazz, pop, hip hop, classical, and country.
  • I have two hobbies: reading and writing.

Colon - Between Independent Clauses

A colon can be used in between independent clauses when the second sentence gives supporting information for the first sentence.
  • He got what he deserved: a big raise.
  • You know what they say: don't judge a book by its cover.
  • She received an award tonight: first place in the singing competition.

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